Should Yogyakarta Still Be Called the City of Students? Here are the Pros and Cons (2)
The low cost of living is one of the advantages of Yogyakarta to be as comfortable a place as possible for students. There is no need for a “student price” label in various food stalls, because almost all of them target students. But that was then. The simple lifestyle in Yogyakarta is slowly changing as development increases. In 2018, there were 1,618 hotels in DIY. In Yogyakarta alone, there are 580 hotels consisting of 90 star hotels and 490 non-star hotels and other accommodations. Following the construction of facilities for tourists such as restaurants and shopping centers. Dipper welcome, prices will sooner or later adjust to it.
Cheap food stalls are still widely available to outsmart the cost of eating, but if this continues, the economic trend in Jogja could impact the need for food stall owners to increase their prices. Places to eat franchises are increasingly scattered. For example KFC, McD, Wendy’s, Burger King, and many more. Unfortunately, the prices they charge are not affordable for all students. Moreover, their existence also displaces small eating places. So far, there is only one airport in Yogyakarta, namely Adisucipto International Airport. But since the beginning of 2019, a new airport in Kulonprogo has been operating, namely the New Yogyakarta International Airport (NYIA). The emergence of the airport will change people’s lifestyles.
The problem is that around the airport, various hotels and shopping centers will definitely be built to support tourists. Between the city area and the airport, it can be predicted that there will be massive changes, development will be intensively carried out as widely as possible. As a result, not only the cost of eating again, but the cost of daily living such as boarding, hanging out, to printing and parking will also increase. In the past, places to hang out in Yogyakarta were still limited to Ambarukmo Plaza, Galeria Mall, or Malioboro Mall. In 2013-2018, a number of large shopping centers appeared, such as Jogja City Mall, Lippo Plaza, Hartono Mall, Transmart Carrefour, Sahid J-Walk, and most recently Sleman City Hall. These places make life easier. But on the other hand, it makes people more wasteful and consumptive. As a result, the cost of living in Yogyakarta is increasing.
Apart from the cost of living, Yogyakarta deserves a reputation as a City of Students because of the diversity of its youth backgrounds. This openness to differences can be a good field for the atmosphere of intellectualism. However, lately intolerance has become a homework. Just check on the news pages, it’s sad to know how many cases of intolerance have emerged in Yogyakarta. Starting from student conflicts in the name of certain ethnicities to repressive measures carried out by various mass organizations.
In February 2018, there was an attack on the Catholic Church of St. Lidwina Bedog by a man with a sword. As a result, four people were injured, including the priest. Then in early 2019, Slamet Jumiarto and his family were refused to rent a house in Karet Hamlet, Bantul, because they were not as diverse as other residents of Islam. But thankfully, cases of intolerance in DIY have decreased from year to year. “We found 23 cases in 2015, 9 cases in 2016, and 9 cases in 2017. Throughout 2018 there were 10 cases, but four of them were cases from 2017,” explained Agnes Dwi Rusjiyati,
Another reason is that Yogyakarta has various facilities that support the learning process outside the classroom. For example bookstores, libraries, study centers, art galleries, and so on. Even art and cultural events are often held. No wonder Yogyakarta is also called the center of Indonesian arts! Unfortunately, not all students take advantage of this facility. When I was in college, my friends on campus were divided into two. The first are students who like to come to various arts and cultural events in Yogyakarta, while the second is those who don’t.
Unfortunately, the number of the second group is much more. They choose to go to a place that can provide entertainment easily, for example, a mall. For this reason, events such as discussions of literature, art, and culture are rarely attended by young people. In recent years, public transportation operating in Yogyakarta has decreased drastically. Now only Trans Jogja buses have been operating since 2008. The ticket price is indeed cheap, only around Rp. 3,000, but the bus lines don’t cover all areas. As a result, there are still many students who have difficulty getting to and from campus. Some try to take online motorcycle taxis, but over time the tariffs are stifling.